|Location of Şanlıurfa Province in Turkey|
|Region:||Southeastern Anatolia Region, Turkey|
|Total Population||1,700,352 TUIK 2006 (est)|
|Licence plate code:||63|
Şanlıurfa (Syriac: Urhoy, [Turkish]: urfa, [Arabic]: ar-Rûha) is a province in Southeast Anatolia, Turkey. Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches The provinces of Turkey are organized into 7 census-defined regions ( bölge) which were originally defined at the First Geography Congress in 1941 Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. Turkey is divided into 81 provinces called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i Turkish car number plates are License plates found on Turkish vehicles Turkey went from six (2+4 to seven digits (3+4 local phone numbers c See Syriac (disambiguation for other uses Syriac (syr ܠܫܢܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ leššānā Suryāyā) is an Eastern Aramaic language Anatolia (Anadolu Ανατολία Anatolía) or Asia minor, comprising most of modern Turkey, is the geographic region bounded by the Black Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches The city of Şanlıurfa is the capital of the province which bears its name. Şanlıurfa (often simply known as Urfa in daily language formerly cited as Edessa or in Kurdish; Riha or Urhāy The population is 1,700,352 (2006 est).
Population in 1990 was 1,001,455; 551,124 in the district centers, 450,331 in rural villages. By 2000, the population of Şanlıurfa province had grown to 1,436,956 and that of Şanlıurfa city, 829,000. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar.
Şanlıurfa province is divided into 11 districts (capital district in bold):
Area 18,584 km² (7,173 sq. The 81 provinces of Turkey are divided into 923 Districts ( ilçeler; sing Akçakale is a district of Şanlıurfa Province of Turkey, located on the border with Syria. Birecik ( Greek: and later Macedonopolis or Makedonopolis; Latin: Birtha; Arabic: al-Bīrā البيرا Kurdish Bozova is a district of Şanlıurfa Province of Turkey, 38 km from the city of Şanlıurfa. Ceylanpınar is an agricultural district of Urfa Province, on the border with Syria and reached by a long straight road across the plain south from Viranşehir Halfeti is a small farming district on the east bank of the river Euphrates in Şanlıurfa Province in Turkey, 120km from the city of Şanlıurfa Hilvan is a district of Şanlıurfa Province of Turkey, 55km from the city of Şanlıurfa. Şanlıurfa (often simply known as Urfa in daily language formerly cited as Edessa or in Kurdish; Riha or Urhāy Siverek ( Zazaish: Sêwrege) is a town and district in the south-east of Turkey, in Şanlıurfa Province. Suruç is a rural district of Şanlıurfa Province of Turkey, on a plain near the Syrian border 46 km south-west of the city of Şanlıurfa. Viranşehir is a market town serving a cotton-growing area of Şanlıurfa Province, in southeastern Turkey, 93 km east of Şanlıurfa city and 53 km north-west of miles), the largest province of Southeast Anatolia with:
Şanlıurfa includes several major components of the Southeastern Anatolia Project (in Turkish Güneydogu Anadolu Projesi (GAP)) designed to:
This very large-scale, state-sponsored development project involved the damming, redirecting, hydroelectric tapping and other utilization of rivers in this broad, semi-arid region. Hydroelectricity is electricity generated by Hydropower, ie the production of power through use of the gravitational force of falling water (The rivers then flow into Syria and Iraq). The GAP project includes 22 dams, hundreds of miles of irrigation works.
Even before GAP, Şanlıurfa Province had the largest share of cultivated and cultivable land in the GAP region, due to its flatness and highly fertile, agricultural land. The Şanlıurfa and Harran Plains extend over an area of about 1,500 km² (579 sq. miles). Irrigating these plains is one of the most important components of GAP.
According to the 1990 census, Şanlıurfa Province contained 148,521 households, and the average household size was 6. 74 persons. 71 % of household heads described their occupation as farming. In 1992, Şanlıurfa had the highest concentration of land ownership in Turkey, with a landless rate of 48%. Year 1992 ( MCMXCII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar) While 5% of the families in the province owned 65% of the land, the vast majority (70%) owned only 10%.
Şanlıurfa’s average annual growth rate between 1985 and 1990 was 4. 6%, considerably higher than both the national and regional averages.
See Şanlıurfa and Edessa, Mesopotamia. Şanlıurfa (often simply known as Urfa in daily language formerly cited as Edessa or in Kurdish; Riha or Urhāy Edessa ( Greek:) is the historical name of a Syriac town in northern Mesopotamia, refounded on an ancient site by Seleucus I Nicator
The politics of Şanlıurfa Province are still widely shaped by the electoral adherence of a number of Zaza clans (aşiret). In particular, the districts along the Euphrates river have long been a power base for the traditional center-right DYP, formerly under Süleyman Demirel and Mrs. The Euphrates ( ( Arabic: ar نهر الفرات; Turkish: tr Fırat Syriac: syr ܦܪܬ; Hebrew: he פרת Sami Süleyman Gündoğdu Demirel, better known as Süleyman Demirel (born November 1, 1924) is a Turkish politician who served as prime Tansu Çiller, and now under ex-chief of police Mr. Tansu Penbe Çiller (ˈtansu ˈtʃiller (born May 24 1946) is an Economist and Politician in Turkey. Mehmet Ağar. Mehmet Kemal Ağar (born 30 October, 1951 in Ankara, Turkey) is a Turkish Politician and leader of the Democratic
Turkey's ruling AKP did come first in 2004 local elections with a comfortable 43. The Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi or AK Parti, or AKP) is the incumbent Turkish Political party, which describes 04 %, but the DYP, currently out of parliament, seems to be recovering under the new leadership of Mr. Ağar, who is known for his intimacy with the local feudal structures.
Much effort is deployed by DEHAP, campaigning on Kurdish-identity consciousness arguments, to attract clan votes, but this is complicated by polemics of the definitions of a Kurdish and a distinct Zaza identity. Democratic People's Party ( Demokratik Halk Partisi, DEHAP was a Left-wing, pro- Kurdish Political party in Turkey. Several clans were at the forefront of the struggle against PKK terrorism in the 1980s and the 1990s. The Kurdistan Workers' Party (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan or PKK, also called KADEK, Kongra-Gel, and KGK It is listed as a terrorist Still, DEHAP registered some success in 2004 local elections, coming second in the province with 16. 95 %, rising from 12,06 % in 1999, with a faithful electorate in the two districts bordering Diyarbakır Province. Diyarbakır is a province in eastern Turkey. The province covers an area of 15355 km² and the population is 1494321 DEHAP traditionally avoids the districts bordering Syria and populated by ethnic Arabs, where they did not even name candidates for the 2004 elections. Syria ( سوريّة or) officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic ar الجمهورية العربية السورية The araB gene Promoter is a bacterial promoter activated by e L-arabinose binding
MHP, campaigning on Turkish-identity consciousness arguments, after having scored an exceptional 7,18 % in 1999, has in 2004 ebbed back to a more usual 2,97 %. The Turkish people (Türk Halkı also known as " Turks " ( Türkler) are defined mainly as being speakers of Turkish as a First language
The center-left CHP usually obtains a modest share, slightly below 10%.
Approximately 10% of the province’s population is Turkish ,40% is Kurdish ,20% is Zaza and 30% is Arab.